There are many ways in which obesity can negatively affect one's health. From sleep apnea to high blood pressure, the added weight can impact the body in many ways. In particular, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases drastically as a result of obesity. Many studies have shown that losing weight can lessen that risk, as well as help, bring the disease under control for those who have it.
Losing weight can be very difficult, however, especially if one is suffering from other health conditions. Bariatric surgery is a method of permanently or temporarily reducing the size of a patient's stomach which causes a change in the digestive process. There are three different types of Bariatric surgeries. There are restrictive surgeries like adjustable gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy. There are also malabsorptive/ restrictive surgeries like gastric bypass (or Roux-en-Y). In addition, there are electrical device implantation surgeries such as the Maestro rechargeable system that is put into the abdomen to lessen food intake.
It's always best to go by a doctor's recommendation, but bariatric surgery has consistently proven to be an extremely effective and long-lasting method for putting diabetes into remission. Although changing diet and exercise is always recommended, these methods alone may not be enough to sufficiently reverse life-long habits that contributed to the onset of diabetes, and patients who have had surgery are statistically proven to have more permanent positive changes in lifestyle as well as better health.
Andrei Keidar conducted an analysis that showed enormous benefits for bariatric surgery patients who had diabetes. Studies have shown that gastric bypass is among the more successful procedures in regards to treating and reversing diabetes, in many cases the patients' insulin levels return to normal mere days after having surgery. In 87% of cases, patients who had bariatric surgery not only lost weight but showed significant improvement in their diabetes.
Although having surgery will always come with risk, the studies have shown that the benefits of surgery far outweigh the risks.