LAP BAND® – GASTRIC BAND FAQs
How long does it take to perform the Adjustable Gastric Band Surgery?
Placement of the Lap Band® takes 25 minutes, on average. You must also consider the anesthesiologist’s time, which would add another 30 minutes. The total procedure will take about an hour. In most cases the patients will be up and walking three to five hours after surgery.
Is the surgery very painful?
This surgery is minimally invasive-described as a “keyhole” surgery-with minimal pain. You will be given pain medication for any discomfort you may experience.
How many incisions will I have?
You will have three to five, 1 cm incisions.
Is this type of surgery reversible?
Yes, to reverse the procedure, the silicone band is simply laparoscopically removed.
Does the Lap Band® limit any physical activity?
No. In fact, Lap Band® patients take part in all kinds of sports activities.
When can I go back to work? When can I start exercising?
You should be able to return to work three to five days after Lap Band® Surgery as long as you do not need to lift, push or pull anything over 10 lbs for the first two to three weeks after surgery. You may begin light exercise only one week after surgery, initially walking then gradually increasing exercise as you lose weight.
Can I become pregnant if I have a Lap Band®?
Yes. Obesity produces a hormone imbalance that can make it difficult to become pregnant. Many patients are able to become pregnant after they have lost some weight. The band may be emptied during pregnancy. Women with Lap Bands have had and are still giving birth to babies with normal birthrates.
What is the most common reason for retaining or regaining weight? What is the best way to avoid these two pitfalls?
The most successful Bandsters focus on three key areas:
If you’re focusing on these three areas and you are not losing, you would probably benefit from another fill.
The most common reason for weight retention is not having the proper level of restriction. Another issue would be lack of exercise. Exercise is key in any weight loss program. Building muscle mass increases one’s metabolism. Another key to long-term Band weight loss maintenance is developing good habits during your weight loss phase; for example: exercise, eating slowly, watching your portion sizes, limiting treats, etc. Regular exercise such as walking four to six times per week for 30 minutes will help you lose the weight and keep it off.
Adjustable Gastric Banding (AGB) – This is the generic term for the banding process.
Aftercare – A general term comprising the ongoing post-surgical fluid adjustments to the band, fluoroscopy, and nutritional counseling most patients receive.
Band – The generic term for the actual band used in the AGB process, including both Inamed, Bioenterics and Obtech (Swedish) bands.
Banding journey – A metaphor to describe the unfolding process of life before and after deciding to “get banded”.
Bandster – A person who has undergone or is researching the Lap Band® or Swedish Adjustable Band as a Weight Loss Surgery.
Barium swallow – An X-ray test used to define the anatomy of the upper digestive tract. The test involves filling the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines with a pink (pleasant tasting) liquid material (barium).
Body Mass Index (BMI) – Measures body mass; it has the highest correlation with skin-fold thickness or body density. The standard formula for calculating is (Weight in Kilograms) / (Height in Meters Squared).
Fill – A syringe injection of saline into the sub-muscular port in order to increase the pressure of the band around the stomach. This is the process that allows doctors to adjust the pressure of the band, thus affecting the amount of food patients are able to eat and how quickly their food drops into the lower stoma. Fills are usually first given 6-8 weeks post-op. Most patients find that they need several fills before feeling a significant level of restriction.
Fluroscopy – A video x-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion. As far as banding goes, this involves swallowing a barium liquid and having the doctor or radiologist watch its progress to the lower stoma, to ensure the patient isn’t over-restricted and the band is in the proper position.
Laparoscopy – A surgical procedure in which a tiny scope is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision(s). This procedure minimizes surgical risk, recovery time and long-term scarring.
Leak – A leak in the band can either be small or dramatic and treatments can range from more frequent fills to removal and replacement of the band. A leak is rarely dangerous, but it can decrease the efficacy of the band.
Liquid diet – An eating plan that only allows only food that can be drawn through a straw. This is prescribed for the first two weeks after surgery. Often patients will go on a liquid diet after getting a fill until they are comfortable with their food going down.
Migration – A more serious, but rare, complication where the band cuts into the wall of the stomach. Often this can be attributed to the band placing too much pressure on the stomach and cutting off circulation in the affected areas. The usual remedy is releasing all pressure on the band to allow the stomach to heal. Removal of the band may also be necessary.
Motility – The ability to move spontaneously. In regards to AGB, it means the ability of the esophagus to push food from the upper pouch through the stoma and into the lower stomach.
Non-Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) – A large group of anti-inflammatory agents that work by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins. Examples include: ibuprofen, ketoprofen, piroxicam, naproxen, sulindac, aspirin, choline subsalicylate, diflunisal, fenoprofen, indomethacin, meclofenamate salsalate, tolmetin and magnesium salicylate.. These are to be avoided post-operatively as they irritate the gastric walls. We recommend that patients use acetaminophen for fever and pain.
PB (Productive burping) – This is a ‘bandster’ term that refers to the regurgitation that most Bandsters will experience at least once in their Bandster lives when we’ve eaten more or larger pieces than than can be passed through the stoma. Since the food has not been digested, there is no odor, stomach acid, or retching involved but there may be a varying degree of phlegm that accompanies it. PB episodes may last anywhere from 1 minute to two hours, depending on the individual and circumstances. After a PB episode, under most circumstances, it’s best to refrain from eating at that meal and let the stoma rest.
Plateau – A period of time, at least 2 to 4 weeks, whereby a Bandster maintains (instead of losing) weight. It is common for post-op patients who are 4-10 weeks out to experience a plateau before getting their first fill. Many Bandsters take a plateau at any point as a sign that they need to get another fill.
Port – The subtanceous dongle at the end of the tube connected to the band. This is where the surgeon will inject fluid in order to increase pressure on the band. Many people can feel their ports under the skin&especially as they lose weight. The area around the port is often tender for several weeks post-op and can become sore if the surrounding muscle is stretched or worked too vigorously.
Posterior stitch – The surgeon stitches the band around the back of the stomach. This technique reduces slippage rates and is the standard operating procedure for Lap-Band insertions.
Pouch – This is the 30ccs “upper stomach” that is created when the band draws the entire stomach into an hourglass shape. This is where your food will go after swallowing, where it will slowly pass through the stoma into the lower stomach and through the digestive tract.
Restriction – This is the feeling of being able to eat only small amounts of food. Some Bandsters talk of ‘passive’ restriction when their band is empty, wherein they are able to feel full on less food but where they feel no pain if they overeat. As the band is filled, the tighter the restriction should feel. Many Bandsters report that it takes 2-4 fills before feeling restricted enough to lose weight at an appropriate rate.
Slippage – This is where the band moves down the stomach, often causing significant pain to the patient. Slippage usually occurs if the band is too tight or if the patient frequently ‘challenges’ the band with excessive vomiting.
Stoma – Artificial openings between two cavities or canals. In this case, it is the passage from the upper pouch and the rest of the stomach.